Cleaner Production methodology outlines the audit process into six steps and 18 tasks. The objective of each step is briefly discussed below:

Step 1: Getting Started: Planning and organization of the cleaner production audit, including the designation of the CP team, listing major process steps to select the audit focus.

Step 2: Analysing Process Steps: Preparation of detailed process flow diagrams for the selected audit focus and preparation of material /energy balance to quantify waste, its costs & causes thereof.

Step 3: Generating Cleaner Production Opportunities: Identification of potential cleaner production opportunities and preliminary selection of workable CP opportunities.

Step 4: Feasibility Analysis: Evaluation of the technical and financial feasibility and environmental desirability of CP options in order to select technological and economically feasible cleaner production solutions.

Step 5: Implementing and monitoring Cleaner Production Solutions: Preparation for actual implementation of feasible CP solutions, and monitoring of the results achieved by their implementation.

Step 6: Sustaining Cleaner Production: Human resource development and strategies for sustenance of CP and selection of another CP audit focus.

Based on the methodology descried above, it worth noting that in order for Cleaner Production to be successful and effective, it is essential to employ a planned and deliberate approach, while still being flexible enough to adapt to unexpected circumstances.

Reference: UNIDO

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